Overview of Indian Sericulture: Types, Production and Economic Significance

Authors

  • Ankush Subhash Gadge Central Silk Board, Research and Extension Centre, Aurangabad, Maharashtra (431 003), India
  • Ashok Limbaji Jadhav Central Silk Board, Research and Extension Centre, Parbhani, Maharashtra (431 402), India
  • Pushpalatha M. Dept. of Entomology, Post Graduate Institute, Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri, Maharashtra (413 722), India
  • Megaladevi P. Central Silk Board, Central Sericultural Research & Training Institute, Mysuru, Karnataka (570 008), India
  • Sowmiya K. Central Silk Board, Central Sericultural Research & Training Institute, Mysuru, Karnataka (570 008), India

Keywords:

Mulberry, Silk, Textile, Vanya

Abstract

Silk, known as the "Queen of Textiles," is a natural fiber produced in over 60 countries, with India as the biggest consumer and second-largest producer. The five commercial silks, Muga, Eri, Oak Tasar, Tropical Tasar and Mulberry are exclusively produced in India, each from different silkworm species. The sericulture industry in India employs 8.8 million people and generated Rs. 1,848.96 crores (US$ 248.56 million) in export earnings in 2021-22. Mulberry silk, from Bombyx mori, constitutes the majority of production, with Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir producing 92% of it. In 2022-23, India produced 36,582 MT of silk, with mulberry silk at 27,654 MT. Jharkhand, Orissa and Chhattisgarh make tasar silk, while Oak Tasar comes from sub-Himalayan regions. Eri silk, from Philosamia ricini, is prominent in the Northeastern states and Muga silk, from Antheraea assamensis, is unique to Assam. India's cultural and traditional market strengthens its global silk industry presence.

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Published

2024-06-10

How to Cite

[1]
Gadge, A.S. et al. 2024. Overview of Indian Sericulture: Types, Production and Economic Significance. Biotica Research Today. 6, 6 (Jun. 2024), 317–320.

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