Smart Breeding Revolutionizes Climate-Resilient Agriculture

Authors

  • Divya Chaudhary ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, New Delhi (110 012), India
  • Sivendra Joshi Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Research Center, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand (263 145), India

Keywords:

Climate change, CRISPR/Cas9, Marker-assisted selection, Pre-breeding

Abstract

Climate change presents immense challenges to global agriculture, threatening food security through rising temperatures, erratic weather and evolving pests. Traditional agricultural practices are insufficient to address these issues, necessitating advanced plant breeding techniques. Unlocking genetic diversity, especially through wild germplasm, is critical for crop improvement. Advances in phenomics, sequencing and genome editing, alongside artificial intelligence, provide new avenues for developing climate-resilient crops. Plant breeding has historically revolutionized agriculture and continues to do so by enhancing crop varieties for higher production and resilience. Pre-breeding integrates desirable traits from wild relatives into modern cultivars, while marker-assisted selection and speed breeding accelerate genetic gains. Genome editing technologies like CRISPR/Cas9 enable precise modifications for improved stress tolerance. Integrating AI with phenomics enhances the efficiency of selecting better-performing breeding lines. Smart breeding approaches promise to address food security challenges, ensuring sustainable agriculture amidst climate change.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Downloads

Published

2024-06-26

How to Cite

[1]
Chaudhary, D. and Joshi, S. 2024. Smart Breeding Revolutionizes Climate-Resilient Agriculture. Biotica Research Today. 6, 6 (Jun. 2024), 353–354.

Issue

Section

Popular Article